Đề thi chọn HSG tỉnh môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 - Bảng A - Năm học 2007-2008 - Sở GD&ĐT Nghệ An (Có đáp án)

Đề thi chọn HSG tỉnh môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 - Bảng A - Năm học 2007-2008 - Sở GD&ĐT Nghệ An (Có đáp án)

Egg producers claim that their product has been portrayed unfairly. They cite scientific studies to back up their claim. And, in fact, studies on the relationships between eggs and human cholesterol levels have brought mixed results. It may be that it is not the type of eggs that is the main determinant of cholesterol but the person who is eating the eggs. Some people may be more sensitive to cholesterol derived from food than other people. In fact, there is evidence that certain dietary fats stimulate the body’s production of blood cholesterol. Consequently, while it is still makes sense to limit one’s intake of eggs, even designer eggs, it seems that doing this without regulating dietary fat will probably not help reduce the blood cholesterol level.

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§Ò chÝnh thøc
Së GD&§T NghÖ An
 K× thi chän häc sinh giái tØnh
 N¨m häc 2007-2008
M«n thi: tiÕng anh líp 12 thpt – b¶ng a
(§Ò thi cã 05 trang)
Thêi gian: 180 phót (kh«ng kÓ thêi gian giao ®Ò)
Hä và tªn thÝ sinh: ......................................................................................................................
Ngày th¸ng n¨m sinh: .............................................................................................................
Sè b¸o danh
Häc sinh tr­êng: .........................................................................................................................
Sè ph¸ch
Hä tªn, ch÷ ký gi¸m thÞ 1:
................................................................
Hä tªn, ch÷ ký gi¸m thÞ 2:
................................................................
ChØ dÉn:
	1. §Ò thi gåm 05 trang. ThÝ sinh kiÓm tra sè trang tr­íc khi lµm bµi.
2. ThÝ sinh lµm bµi trùc tiÕp vµo ®Ò thi (ghi c©u tr¶ lêi vµo c¸c « ®­îc ®¸nh sè phÝa 
d­íi ®Ò cña mçi phÇn).
	3. ThÝ sinh gi÷ g×n cÈn thËn bµi lµm. 
4. NÕu thÝ sinh lµm sai, dïng th­íc g¹ch, kh«ng dïng bót tÈy mµu tr¾ng. ThÝ sinh 
chØ ®­îc dïng bót mét mµu xanh hoÆc ®en ®Ó lµm bµi. Kh«ng dïng mùc mµu ®á. 
	5. Gi¸m thÞ kh«ng gi¶i thÝch g× thªm. 
	6. ThÝ sinh kh«ng ®­îc sö dông bÊt cø tµi liÖu nµo kÓ c¶ tõ ®iÓn.
§Ò chÝnh thøc
Së GD&§T NghÖ An
 K× thi chän häc sinh giái tØnh
 N¨m häc 2007-2008
Môn thi: tiÕng anh líp 12 thpt – b¶ng a 
(Đề thi gồm có 05 trang)
Thời gian: 180 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề)
§iÓm b»ng sè: ......................................
§iÓm b»ng ch÷: ....................................
Hä tªn, ch÷ ký GK 1: ........................................
Hä tªn, ch÷ ký GK 1: .......................................
Sè ph¸ch
SECTION A – PHONETICS
I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.
1. 	A. architect	 	B. parachute 	C. archaic 	D. psychology
2. 	A. advent 	B. adverb 	C. advertise 	D. advance 
3. 	A. dealt	B. dreamt	C. heal	D. threaten
4. 	A. naught	B. hymn	C. button	D. fence
5. 	A. possession	B. address	C. guess	D. mess
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
II. Identify the word whose stressed pattern is different from that of the others.
6. 	A. method	B. invention	C. intense	D. effective
7. 	A. writer	B. carefully	C. origin	D. compete
8. 	A. director 	B. machinery 	C. excellent 	 	D. encourage
9.	A. intelligent 	B. population 	C. opportunity 	D. economics
10. 	A. advisable 	B. admirable 	C. reliable 	D. desirable 
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Section B – vocabulary and grammar
I. Choose the best answer from A, B, C or D.
11. The landlord of this apartment _________ me about $ 50 per month in rent.
A. draws	B. charges	C. takes	D. costs
12. He had a good _________of the exam result when he saw his daughter’s face.
 	A. report 	B. thought 	C. idea 	D. news
13. When the teacher came in, they pretended __________.
 	A. to read 	B. reading 	C. being reading 	D. to be reading
14. We insist that a meeting _________as soon as possible.
 	A. be held 	B. is held 	C. were held 	D. will be held
15. He kept his marriage secret for years, but eventually the truth _________.
	A. came out 	B. came through 	C. went out 	D. turned out
16. She is objecting to _________ money on the project.
 	A. me invest 	B. my investing 	C. I invest 	D. me invested
17. – “Who is Marry getting married to?” – “Oh, to some guy _________ since childhood.”
A. has known her 	B. has been known her	C. she has known 	D. who she has been known
18. –“Do you like frog’s legs?” – “_________ them, I don’t really know.”
A. Never try 	B. Not to have tried 	C. Never having tried 	D. Never had tried
19. It is believed that there is a _________ between the two crimes.
 	A. join 	B. chain 	C. link 	D. connector 
20. If you drive from the airport, go on the motorway and follow the _________ to the city.
A. points 	B. signs 	C. plans 	D. ways
21. We were so late that we __________ had time to catch the train.
A. nearly 	B. almost 	C. hardly 	D. simply
22. They turned _________at the party, despite the awful weather.
	A. round	B. in 	C. back	D. up
23. I wish I __________ her the truth earlier.
	A. would tell	B. had told	C. have told	D. told
24. There wasn't __________ news in his letter.
 	A. a great many 	B. hardly any 	C. a great deal of 	D. a large number of 
25. You’ll have to _________ a better idea than that if you want to win. 
 	A. come in for 	B. get down to 	C. bring out 	D. come up with
26. – “Why is John’s mother upset with him?” – “He hasn’t done his homework, nor _________ to.”
A. he intends 	B. he does intend 	C. intends he 	D. does he intend
27. The English _________ strong traditions.
 	A. have much 	B. has much 	C. has many 	D. have many
28. Don’t be late for the interview; _________ people will think you are a disorganized person. 
	A. otherwise	B. unless	C. if not 	D. or so
29. Wearing sports clothes is _________ of a truly "sporty" character.
A. not to indicate 	B. no indication 	C. not indicated 	D. no indicating
30. Peter is very tall. He really _________ from the rest of his class.
 	A. stands out 	B. sits out 	C. sits up 	D. stands up
11.
15.
19.
23.
27.
12.
16.
20.
24.
28.
13.
17.
21.
25.
29.
14.
18.
22.
26.
30.
II. There is one mistake in each of the following sentences. Find and correct it.
31. The King was too happy that he decided to build a pagoda of lotus shape over water. 
32. He knows to repair the carburetor without taking the whole car apart.	
33. Most of the food what elephants eat is brought to their mouths by their trunks.	
34. The temple has rectangular shape, 3 meters aside with bent roof of traditional architecture.	
35. Under no circumstances I will leave you alone in this country.
36. They should consider English more as a means of communication than of a science.	
37. For more eighty years, scientists have argued over whether life exists on the planet Mars.	
38. Pluto is so much far from the sun that it can be described as a black desert.
39. You can apply for a better job when you will have had more experience.
40. Many people believe that writing letters are a nice way of keeping in touch.
Mistake
Correction
Mistake
Correction
31.
36.
32.
37.
33.
38.
34.
39.
35.
40.
Section C – reading
I. Read the following passage, and then choose the best answer from A, B, C or D.
Although they are an inexpensive supplier of vitamins, minerals, and high-quality protein, eggs also contain a high level of blood cholesterol, one of the major causes of heart disease. One egg yolk, in fact, contains a little more than two- thirds of suggested daily cholesterol limit. This knowledge has caused egg sales to plummet in recent years, which in turn has brought about the development of several alternatives to eating regular eggs. One alternative is to eat substitute eggs. These eggs substitutes are not really eggs, but they look somewhat like eggs when they are cooked. They have advantage of having lower cholesterol rates, and they can be scrambled or used in baking. One disadvantage, however, is that they are not good for frying, poaching, or boiling. A second alternative to regular eggs is a new type of eggs, sometimes called "designer" eggs. These eggs are produced by hens that are fed low-fat diets consisting of ingredients such as canola oil, flaw, and rice bran. In spite of their diets, however, these hens produce eggs that contain the same amount of cholesterol as regular eggs. Yet, the producers of these eggs claim that eating their eggs will not raise the blood cholesterol in humans.
Egg producers claim that their product has been portrayed unfairly. They cite scientific studies to back up their claim. And, in fact, studies on the relationships between eggs and human cholesterol levels have brought mixed results. It may be that it is not the type of eggs that is the main determinant of cholesterol but the person who is eating the eggs. Some people may be more sensitive to cholesterol derived from food than other people. In fact, there is evidence that certain dietary fats stimulate the body’s production of blood cholesterol. Consequently, while it is still makes sense to limit one’s intake of eggs, even designer eggs, it seems that doing this without regulating dietary fat will probably not help reduce the blood cholesterol level.
41. What is the main purpose of this passage?
A. to inform people about the relation between eggs and cholesterol
B. to convince people to eat "designer" eggs and egg substitutes
C. to persuade people that eggs are unhealthy and should not be eaten
D. to introduce the idea that dietary fats increase the blood cholesterol level
42. According to the passage, which of the following is a cause of heart disease?
A. minerals	 B. cholesterol	C. vitamins	D. canola oil
43. According to the passage, what has been the cause for changes in the sale of eggs?
A. dietary changes in hens	B. decreased production
C. increasing price	D. concerns about cholesterol
44. According to the passage, one egg yolk contains approximately what fraction of suggested daily limit for human consumption of cholesterol?
A. 1/3	B. 1/2	 C. 2/3	D. 3/4
45. According to the author, which of the following may reduce blood cholesterol?
A. reducing egg intake but not fat intake.	B. increasing egg intake and fat intake.
C. increasing egg intake but no fat intake.	D. decreasing egg intake and fat intake.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
II. Choose the best answer from A, B, C or D to fill in the gaps in the following passage.
If you’re an environmentalist, plastic is a word you tend to say with a sneer or a snarl. It has become a symbol of our wasteful, throw-way society. But there seems little (46) ______ it is here to stay, and the truth is, of course, that plastic has brought enormous (47) _______ even environmental ones. It’s not really the plastics themselves that are the environmental (48) ________ – it’s the way society choose to use and (49) ________ them.
Almost all the 50 or so different kinds of modern plastic are made from oil, gas or coal – non-renewable natural (50) _______. We (51) _______ well over three million tons of the stuff in Britain each year and, sooner or later, most of it is thrown away. A high (52) ________ of our annual consumption is in the (53) _______ of packaging, and this (54) _______ about seven per cent by weight of our domestic (55) _______. Almost all of it could be recycled, but very little of it is, though the plastic recycling (56) _______ is growing fast.
The plastics themselves are extremely energy-rich; they have a higher calorific (57) ______ than coal and one (58) _______ of ‘recovery’ strongly (59) _______ by the plastic manufacturers is the (60) _______ of waste plastic into a fuel.
46. 	A. evidence	B. concern	C. doubt	D. likelihood
47. 	A. pleasures	B. benefits	C. savings	D. profits
48. 	A. poison	B. disaster	C. disadvantage	D. evil
49. 	A. dispose	B. store	C. endanger	D. abuse
50. 	A. resources	B. processes	C. products	D. fuels
51. 	A. remove	B. import	C. consign	D. consume
52. 	A. portion	B. amount	C. proportion	D. rate
53. 	A. way	B. kind	 C. form	D. type
54. 	A. takes	B. makes	C. carries	D. constitutes
55. 	A. refuse	B. goods	C. requirements	D. rubble
56. 	A. manufacture	B. plant	C. factory	D. industry
57. 	A. degree	B. value	C. demand	D. effect
58. 	A. measure	B. mechanism	C. method	D. medium
59. 	A. desired 	B. argued	C. favored	D. presented
60. 	A. conversion	B. melting	C. change	D. replace
46.
49.
52.
55.
58.
47.
50.
53.
56.
59.
48.
51.
54.
57.
60.
III. Fill in each numbered gap with one suitable word.
In the early eighteenth century the New World still belonged to Britain. However, here people found (61) _________ free from the power of kings and priests, and there was no aristocracy (62) _________ owned all the land. In 1776, the British Americans (63) _________ independence from Britain and, after fighting and winning a war against the British, established a new nation called the United States of America. They were now (64) _________ free from the power of the European kings, and in 1789 they wrote a Constitution for the new nation.
This Constitution (65) ________ the values which Americans had fought (66) _________, and when they wrote it they wanted to make sure that the freedom which they (67) _________ fought to win would continue. They wanted to be (68) ________ that the government of the new country would not (69) _________ too strong, that the power of the church would also be limited, and that there would never (70) _________ a hereditary aristocracy in America.
61.
63.
65.
67.
69.
62.
64.
66.
68.
70.
Section D – writing
I. Complete the second sentence so that it has similar meaning to the first one.
71. I should like someone to take me out to dinner.	
What .... 
72. The manager was very astounded when they told him about the robbery.	
On ... 
73. It is such a marvelous opportunity that we mustn’t miss it.	
It is too .... 
74. My brother works better when he’s pressed for time.	
The less time .. 
75. He’ll set down. Then his performance will improve.	
Once ... 
76. Mrs. Scott is proud of her cooking.	
Mrs. Scott prides ... 
77. Are they likely to pass Proficiency?	
Is there .. 
78. He made a lot of mistakes because he didn’t study carefully.	
Had ... 
79. Though I am poor, I’ll not serve a villain.	
Poor ........ 
80. She didn't recover her confidence until that morning.	
It was ..
II. Write about 150 – 200 words on the following topic:
“Good books are considered good teachers and friends”
......
__THE END__

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