Đề thi chọn học sinh giỏi Lớp 12 THPT môn Tiếng Anh - Năm học 2008-2009 - Sở Giá dục-Đào tạo Thái Bình (Có đáp án)

Đề thi chọn học sinh giỏi Lớp 12 THPT môn Tiếng Anh - Năm học 2008-2009 - Sở Giá dục-Đào tạo Thái Bình (Có đáp án)

Science no longer holds any absolute truths. Even the (66). of physics, whose laws once went unchallenged, has had to (67). to the indignity of an Uncertainty Principle. In the climate of belief, we have begun to doubt (68). fundamental propositions, and the old distinction between natural and (69). has become meaningless. The picture of science as a jigsaw (70). , with a finite number of pieces that would one day all be slotted neatly into (71)., has ever been appealing. Experience indicates that things are not like that at all. Every new development in the (72). reveals further minute detail in structures (73). thought to be indivisible. Each (74). in the power of the telescope adds thousands of galaxies to list already so (75). that it is meaningless to all but mathematicians. Even research into what once seemed to be simple behavior patterns has a way of going on forever.

 

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Sở Giáo dục - Đào tạo
Thái Bình
Đề thi chọn học sinh giỏi lớp 12 THPT năm học 2008-2009
Môn: Tiếng Anh
Thời gian làm bài: 180 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề)
Người coi thi thứ nhất
Người coi thi thứ hai
Họ và tên:.................................................................. Số BD:	
Ngày sinh:	
Trường THPT:	
"
Số phách:
Số phách:
9. Viết câu theo gợi ý cùng nghĩa với câu cho sẵn:
86. 	The manager threatened not to select him for the team unless he trained harder.
	“If he doesn’t train	
87. 	I’m so annoyed by my little brother sometimes.
	My little brother can	
88. 	I’m sure Peter didn’t mean to offend you.
	Peter can’t 	
89. 	It is the banker. Not his assistant that I want to see.
	I want to see	
90. 	Some amazing experiments have been carried out by biologists recently, haven’t they?
	Don’t you believe that 	
10. Dựa vào từ / cụm từ và các câu gợi ý để tiếp tục hoàn chỉnh lá thư dưới đây:
	Dear Jan,
91. 	Not seen you / long time.
	- We are really pleased that we moved to the country because we were getting so fed up with living in London.
92. 	In / city / traffic / noise / no time / relax.
	- Here in the country, life is slower and much more peaceful.
93. 	Now, for example, / walk / with / dog / across / fields / before breakfast.
	- The children are enjoying the fresh air and have made a lot of new friends.
94. 	People / helpful / kind / friendly.
	- But we do miss all our friends in London, especially you, Jan.
95. 	Come / see us soon.
	- We are all looking forward(s) to seeing you again.
Love
Billy, Bob, Tim and Teresa
11. Chọn câu (A, B, C hoặc D) có nghĩa gần nhất với mỗi câu cho sẵn:
96. 	Although Christopher was the stronger of the two, his attacker soon overpowered him.
	A. Christopher’s attacker was too weak to defeat him.
	B. Christopher was weaker, but he overpowered his attacker.
	C. Christopher lost because he had no power.
	D. Despite his superior strength, Christopher was soon overpowered by his attacker.
97. 	You’re under no obligation to accept their offer.
	A. You’re obliged to accept their offer.
	B. You’re not obliged to accept their offer at all.
	C. You can please yourself whether to accept their offer or not.
	D. B and C.
98. 	Scarcely had the man left when the bomb exploded.
	A. The bomb had exploded before the man left.
	B. The man left and had the bomb exploded.
	C. No sooner had the man left than the bomb exploded.
	D. The bomb went off because of the man.
99. 	There appears to be nothing in common between the two theories.
	A. It’s common to have two different theories.
	B. The two theories are complete, but different.
	C. It appears that the two theories have something in common.
	D. The two theories appear to be completely different.
100. The Prime Minister is unlikely to call an early general election.
	A. It’s likely that the Prime Minister will call an general election early.
	B. The likelihood is that the Prime Minister will call an early general election.
	C. There is little likelihood of the Prime Minister calling an early general election.
	D. The likelihood is great that the Prime Minister will call an early general election.
	96.	97	98	99	100	
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--- The end ---
(Đề gồm 04 trang, thí sinh làm bài trực tiếp vào đề thi này)
I. Ngữ âm (2,0 điểm)
1. Chọn phương án (A, B, C hoặc D) ứng với từ có phần gạch chân đọc khác với ba từ còn lại:
1. 	A. caused	B. increased	C. practised	D. promised
2.	A. angle	B. anger	C. danger	D. magic
3.	A. comfortable	B. syllable	C. fashionable	D. able
4.	A. Switzealand	B. zoo	C. Newzealand	D. amaze
5. 	A. breath	B. breathe	C. thank	D. threat
	1.	2.	3	4	5	
2. Chọn phương án (A, B, C hoặc D) ứng với từ có trọng âm chính nhấn vào âm tiết có vị trí khác với ba từ còn lại:
6. 	A. attention	B. scientific	C. experienced	D. describe
7.	A. familiar	B. comfortable	C. emperor	D. quantity
8.	A. poisonous	B. kangaroo	C. electronic	D. lemonade
9.	A. contaminate	B. congratulate	C. considerate	D. concentrate
10. 	A. literature	B. temperature	C. agriculture	D. architecture
	6.	7.	8	9	10	
II. Từ vựng - Ngữ pháp - Đọc Hiểu - Viết (18,0 điểm)
1. Chọn phương án đúng (A, B, C hoặc D) để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau:
11. The ...... man in the street has a lot of common sense.
	A. normal	B. usual	C. ordinary	D. familiar
12. They left at very short ...... .
	A. notice	B. advice	C. delay	D. warning
13. Three of these stems can be made into verbs by adding the prefix: en đ eg: ...... joy đ enjoy. Find the one which cannot.
	A. able	B. risk	C. danger	D. large
14. They returned to the ...... of the murder.
	A. landscape	B. scene	C. scenery	D. view
15. Helen does better on tests, but I write better papers than ...... . As a result, she usually gets about the same grades as ...... .
	A. her / me	B. her / I	C. she / I	D. she / me
16. Barack Obama is the candidate ...... we think will win.
	A. whom	B. whose	C. of whom	D. who
17. Successful farmers today must be experts in not only agriculture but also ...... finance, and accounting.
	A. in market	B. market	C. marketing	D. to market
18. Most species of animals that live in caves cannot see, so they must rely on heightened senses of ......, smell, and touch.
	A. hearing	B. hear	C. to hear	D. heard
19. Diets based on only one basic food element ...... no diet at all.
	A. can be as ineffective	B. can be as ineffective as	C. can be so ineffective	D. can be as effective as
20. Within the first ten minutes the chairperson knew the meeting ...... .
	A. nothing would come to	B. would come nothing	C. would nothing come to	D. would come to nothing
	11.	13.	15	17	19	
	12.	14.	16	18	20	
2. Mỗi câu sau có một lỗi sai (tại A, B, C hoặc D), hãy chép và sửa lại cho đúng:
21. Current research (A) on AIDS, in spite of the best efforts (B) of hundreds of scientists, leave (C) serious questions unanswered (D).
22. Neither apple pie nor her faded (A) cat posters nor her neglected (B) guppy collection hold (C) the slightest interest (D) for Dorothy any more.
23. David was very angry with (A) John, but no one (B) knew what he (C) had said (D).
24. It (A) was them (B) who (C) ate all (D) the cookies.
25. William plans (A) to immediately (B) fly to (C) Japan after final exams (D) are over.
Thí sinh không viết vào phần gạch chéo này
26. The surgery (A), Harry Blackstone, gave me an 80 percent chance (B) of making a full recovery (C) but only a 50 percent chance of playing (D) football again.
27. When journalists use (A) passive voice, they are robbed (B) their (C) sentences of power (D).
28. You cannot (A) hardly expect her (B) to lend (C) your money again (D).
29. He differed from (A) his wife about (B) where to go on (C) their vocation this summer, so (D) they compromised and stayed at home.
30. If you are going to (A) Danver, don’t forget (B) to take (C) me back (D) a souvenir.
	21.	 đ 	26.	 đ 	
	22.	 đ 	27.	 đ 	
	23.	 đ 	28.	 đ 	
	24.	 đ 	29.	 đ 	
	25.	 đ 	30.	 đ 	
3. Điền giới từ thích hợp vào mỗi chỗ trống:
I’m usually in complete sympathy (31)....... Sir James’s views, but you can’t expect me to feel sympathetic (32)....... him when he speaks (33)....... wishing to lead his party (34)....... an alliance with the Democrats.
I don’t approve (35)....... his son’s recent activities either. Do you know that Toby Blenkinsop’s debts now amount (36)....... over twenty thousand pounds? I’m sorry I consented (37)....... his using my name in a job application.
When I come home from the office I change (38)....... casual clothes. I then feel free (39)....... the restraints of my working life. My mood, in fact, changes (40)....... the clothes I wear.
	31.	33.	35	37	39	
	32.	34.	36	38	40	
4. Điền mạo từ thích hợp (a / an / the hoặc q) vào mỗi chỗ trống:
When the police are on (41)....... track of (42)....... criminal, they often have (43)....... clues as to (44)....... appearance of the criminal from (45)....... witnesses who have caught (46)....... glimpse of him or her. They may have been told about (47)....... criminal’s clothing, height, hair, eyes, nose, mannerisms, and (48)....... unusual characteristics. All of these features help them to build up (49)....... composite picture which they can use to track down (50)....... criminal.
	41.	43.	45	47	49	
	42.	44.	46	48	50	
(0) ........ criticism	
(51) 	
(52) 	
(53) 	
(54) 	
(55) 	
(56) 	
(57) 	
(58) 	
(59) 	
(60) 	
5. Cho dạng đúng của từ trong ngoặc từ câu 51 đến câu 60 (câu 0 đã được làm mẫu):
UK companies have received (CRITIC) from a business forum for what their report refers to as a rather narrow-minded attitude towards the dress code for office workers. This follows a case in which a male (EMPLOY) working in the post room of a large (ORGANIZE) in the United Kingdom received a (SUSPEND) for wearing jeans to work. Whilst the report accepts that there is a need for people dealing with (CUSTOM) to look well dressed, it questions whether employees who work behind the scenes necessarily need to dress formally.
The authors of the report made a (COMPARE) between the UK and other European nations where employers seem (CONCERN) about the need for their workers to wear smart clothes in the office. Their (ARGUE) is based on research that claims workers are far more (PRODUCT) when they have the (FREE) to dress in a way that they feel most (COMFORT) in.
6. Chọn đáp án (A, B, C hoặc D) phù hợp nhất cho mỗi câu sau:
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Trang 3/4
After inventing dynamite, Swedish- born Alfred Nobel became a very rich man. However he foresaw its universally destructive powers too late. Nobel preferred not to be remembered as the inventor of dynamite, so in 1895, just two weeks before his death, he created a fund to be used for awarding prizes to people who had made worthwhile contributions to mankind. Originally there were five awards: literature, physics, chemistry, medicines and peace. Economics were added in 1968, just sixty-seven years after the first awards ceremony.
Nobel’s original legacy of nine million dollars was invented and the interest on this sum is used for the awards which vary from $ 30 000 to $ 125 000.
Every year on December 10th, the anniversary of Nobel’s death, the awards are presented to the winners. Sometimes politics plays an important role in the judges’ decisions. Americans have won numerous science awards, but relatively few literature prizes.
Now awards were presented from 1940 to 1942 at the beginning of World War II. Some people have won two prizes, but this is rare. Others have shared their prizes.
61. The word “foresaw” is nearest in meaning to
	A. prevailed	B. postponed	C. prevented	D. predicted
62. All of the following statements are true except
	A. awards vary in monetary value.	
	B. ceremonies are held on December 10th to commemorate Nobel’s invention.
	C. politics plays an important role in selecting the winners.
	D. a few individuals have won two awards.
63. The passage implies that Nobel’s profession in
	A. economics	B. medicine	C. science	D. literature
64. The word “worthwhile” is closest in meaning to
	A. economics	B. prestigious	C. trivial	D. valuable
65. What is the main idea of the passage?
	A. Alfred Nobel made lasting contribution to humanity.
	B. Alfred Nobel became very rich when he invented dynamite.
	C. Alfred Nobel created awards in six categories for contributions to humanity.
	D. Alfred Nobel left all his money to science.
	61.	62.	63	64	65	
7. Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (A, B, C hoặc D) cho mỗi chỗ trống:
Science no longer holds any absolute truths. Even the (66)......... of physics, whose laws once went unchallenged, has had to (67)......... to the indignity of an Uncertainty Principle. In the climate of belief, we have begun to doubt (68)......... fundamental propositions, and the old distinction between natural and (69)......... has become meaningless. The picture of science as a jigsaw (70)......... , with a finite number of pieces that would one day all be slotted neatly into (71)........., has ever been appealing. Experience indicates that things are not like that at all. Every new development in the (72)......... reveals further minute detail in structures (73)......... thought to be indivisible. Each (74)......... in the power of the telescope adds thousands of galaxies to list already so (75)......... that it is meaningless to all but mathematicians. Even research into what once seemed to be simple behavior patterns has a way of going on forever.
66.	A. region	B. area	C. land	D. discipline
67.	A. submit	B. lead	C. result	D. give
68.	A. just	B. even	C. with	D. too
69.	A. supernatural	B. unnatural	C. unreal	D. surreal
70.	A. puzzle	B. problem	C. quiz	D. trouble
71.	A. time	B. order	C. sequence	D. place
72.	A. binoculars	B. glasses	C. telescopes	D. lenses
73.	A. once	B. past	C. previous	D. old
74.	A. exaggeration	B. growth	C. enlargement	D. stretch
75.	A. obsolete	B. ancient	C. old	D. long
	66.	68.	70	72	74	
	67.	69.	71	73	75	
8. Tìm một từ thích hợp để điền vào chỗ trống:
In the past, man did not have to think about the (76)....... of his environment. Today things are (77)....... . The world has become too crowded. We are using (78)....... our natural resources too quickly, and at the (79)....... time we are polluting our environment with dangerous (80)....... . If we continue to do so, human life on (81)....... will not survive.
We realize that if rivers are polluted with waste products from factories, we will die. However, in most countries waste products are still put into rivers or into the sea, and there are few (82)....... to stop this.
What can we do to solve these problems?
If we learn to (83)....... our natural resources, they will last longer. If people use modern methods of birth control, the world population will not (84)....... so quickly. Finally, if we educate people to think about the (85)....... we shall have a better and cleaner planet in the future.
	76.	78.	80	82	84	
	77.	79.	81	83	85	

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